Objectives

1. Identification and analysis of multiple typologies of mobilities that are produced between and within destinations, ranging from the study of their structure and spaces and the role of relational dynamics in the destination’s configuration.

h1

Task 1.1. Baseline study of previous research on mobilities and the construction of tourism places. This preliminary task will allow to establishment of the conceptual categories and the necessary fields of enquiry to analyse the remainder of the tasks of in Objective1.

Task 1.2. Definition of methods to identify, measure and map the different mobilities en route to and within destinations, as characterised by different patterns of pre-trip and on-trip decision-making, the context of visitors’ origins, compensatory needs, means of transport used and perceptions of the place.

Task 1.3. Analysis and classification of tourist destinations and of the urban spaces within them, according to the categories of mobility en route to and within the destination, as established in the tasks 1.1 and 1.2 including: mature mass coastal tourism destinations, urban and metropolitan destinations and destinations with a strong heritage component.

 

2. Analysis of the role of networks of institutional social and economic local and global agents in the evolution and transformation of destinations via analysing their strategies in responding to changes in mobilities systems and permanent need to reposition the destination and generate new opportunities and limitations of development, stemming from global conditioning of a social, economic and environmental nature.

h2

Task 2.1. Analysis of relationship structures and the role of local and global agents in the destination in terms of the definition of repositioning dynamics in response to the emergence of new mobilities, their articulation through formal and informal cooperation mechanisms and their participation in political strategies and local governance to maintain the competitiveness and sustainability of the destination. In particular, differences will be observed between various types of destinations and the role of geopolitical and economic contexts on the resultant network characteristics will be analysed.

Task 2.2. Analysis of the policies implemented in tourism destinations by public-private co-operation initiatives in the medium and long term, in relation to the critical underlying circumstances (development of new facilities, event hosting, political change, economic dynamics, appearance of new markets, environmental risks) that might condition (positively or negatively) the capacity to attract visitors and respond to the emergence of new mobilities.

Task 2.3. Study the strategic responses local agents to global change dynamics (particularly climate change) and how these dynamics might limit destinations’ capacity to attraction visitors, as well as the arrival of new mobile communities and the policies that emerge aimed at mitigating such effects.

 

3. Analysis of specific processes of reconfiguration and transformation of destinations’ urban and population structure in terms of the consequences of transforming tourism Markets, attracting new residents, developing new economic activities and entrepreneurial activities within the evolution of the socioeconomic structure of the destination.

h3

Task 3.1. Determine the evolutionary path of the study destinations selected according to typologies of different tourism dynamics and social, economic, residential and environmental evolution, with the aim of illustrating the role of new mobilities in spatial development, while taking into account geopolitical, economic and environmental conditioning into account.

Task 3.2. Analysis of the structure and configuration of the urban dimension of tourism destinations

Task 3.3. Study of new resident attraction dynamics via their sociodemographic and economic characteristics.

• Task 3.4. Exploratory analysis of indicators based on perception, quality of life and lifestyle in destinations via both quantitative statistical and qualitative interview techniques / participant observation to observe the scope of the tourism as factor of social change. This will also be linked to the tourist and resident attraction capacity of destinations and, therefore, to the generation of new mobilities and the particular recreational nature of the destination, as well as the associated value that this can represent for specific social groups.

 

4. Identification and analysis of synergies, controversies and conflicts caused by the confluence of the different mobilities flows in destinations and the associated uneven spatial development, social injustices and collective claims perpetuated by such processes.

h4

Task 4.1. Analysis of the process of social construction of new destination images and the role of social networks and new technologies as applied to the tourist experience and their use as a diversification / product transformation strategy.

Task 4.2. Analysis of the presence, nature and transformative role of collaborative consumption networks and extent of tourist co-production, at a destination scale.

Task 4.3. Identification and analysis of the practices that favour and perpetuate given processes of use and consumption of space (be they synergistic, conflictive or segregated).

• Task 4.4. The controversies stemming from the confluence and interrelationship of mobilities in specific places will be analysed, in terms of social justice, redistribution processes, social exclusion and the various forms of collective claims surrounding these questions. Preferential fields of analysis will be identified, such as access to education and health services, as well as studying the material living conditions at a micro-local census level (collective claims will also be analysed in this manner). Multiple techniques will be drawn upon, including: surveys, discourse analysis, ethnography, participant observation, action research, etc. as well spatial analysis methods of analysing inequalities regarding income, mobility and quality of life, etc.